Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Hand hygiene techniques for nurses in an operation room

The utilization of hand hygiene techniques by nursing professionals is highly necessary for reducing the transmission of resident and transient microorganisms during the course of operative intervention across the surgical setting. The lack of working knowledge of hand hygiene interventions among registered nurses places them at high risk of developing debilitating infections in the operating room. These infections exhibit the scope of their transmission to healthy individuals residing in the nearby locations and therefore, an epidemic outbreak is highly suspected with the potential of causing serious morbidities and mortalities across the community environment. Therefore, nurses require religiously following hand hygiene principles in operating rooms to safeguard the patterns of health and wellness within their societies.
The preliminary objective of hands-antisepsis technique attributes to the removal of dust and debris from the hands while utilizing an antimicrobial agent for reducing the progression of infectious organisms. The aim of hands-sterilization focuses on the accomplishment of the following challenges:
1. Cessation of unnoticed transmission of bacteria from the hands of nurses to the patient’s surgical wound.
2. Reducing the growth of microorganisms under the surgical gloves to nullify the chances of bacterial contamination following their ineffective disposal.
3. Reduction in bacterial exposure to the nurse professionals for challenging the transmission of virulent infections and contagious conditions.
4. Protection of skin flora from the development of Corynebacteria and Staphylococcal infections.
5. Reducing the scope of progression of postoperative endocarditis between patients, nurse professionals and other members of healthcare team.
Nurses require practicing the following hand hygiene techniques while taking care of patients across the operative units:
1. Utilization of medicated ingredients including chlorhexidine gluconate and triclosan products for ceasing the recurrent growth of bacterial following the initial exposure to the disinfecting agents.
2. Scrubbing the hands with antiseptic agents for tenure of 5 – 10 minutes following the surgical intervention.
3. Utilization of sterile towels for cleaning the hands after the administration of antiseptic solution.
4. Utilization of alcohol based hand-rubs recommended by World Health Organization for reducing the scope of bacterial invasion under the gloves.
5. The position of hands after application of alcohol based scrub should be such that hands require placement over the level of elbows to reduce the bacterial invasion on hands.

Protocols thoroughly describe the standard operative hand cleansing protocols for nurses in the context of reducing the predisposition of patients as well as health care teams in experiencing patterns of infection following the surgical intervention.
Challenges in Practicing Hand Hygiene Procedures
Compliance of nursing professionals to effective hand hygiene techniques across surgical setting highly required for reducing the burden of infectious diseases across the community environment.  However, nurse professionals face many challenges in practicing hand hygiene procedures that resultantly increase their risk of developing contagious conditions following the surgical assistance. The multiple engagements of nurses across emergency care units, exposure to the infectious environment in general wards, overcrowding of patients, increased number of surgical care interventions, frequent requirement of gloves and gowns, and constant exposure with infectious equipments reduce their effective compliance of hand hygiene interventions across the healthcare settings. Additionally, hand-irritation following the utilization of disinfectants, lack of hand hygiene equipments in surgical units and minimum awareness regarding the significance of hand hygiene interventions elevates the risk of infection transmission across the surgical care settings in medical facilities.  

Important Tips for Practicing Hand Hygiene Protocols
1. Administration of water and soap necessarily required by the nurse professionals for removing any visible dust or infectious materials from the hands following the surgical intervention.
2. Utilization of hand-rub and soap after contacting the secretions and body fluids of the patient after the administration of surgical technique.
3. Washing hands with hand-rub as well as soap after contacting with the medical equipment during the surgical interventions.
4. Interlacing of fingers and palms while rotationally rubbing the hands after applying the disinfectant.
5. Remove of personal articles including, bracelet, watch, ring and tag while cleansing the hands following the surgical interventions.
6. The nurses should peel back the sterile gloves while wearing them and roll them for their disposal after extending the surgical assistance. The nurses also need to track any leakage or rupture in gloves and dispose them instantly in such situation for avoiding the infectious exposure. as suggested by essay writing experts who are well acquainted with this subject.
For obtaining more information on hand hygiene protocols. 
Implementation of hand hygiene procedures by nursing professionals highly warranted across the medical facilities during invasive interventions in the context of reducing the predisposition of the patient population as well as healthcare teams in terms of facilitating the transmission of debilitating conditions attributing to hepatitis and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Nurse professionals require practicing caution while contacting the patients during surgical interventions and practice surgical preparation of hands with the effective utilization of glycerine, alcohol and other antiseptics for challenging the scope of infectious transmission across the healthcare units. Nurse professionals require a thorough understanding of the clinical manifestations and fatal prognostic outcomes of postoperative infection, and the significance of practicing hand hygiene interventions for reducing the onset of these debilitating conditions.  These topics  can also come as  essay writing for nursing students.